How to start your novel: 5 critical questions you must answer first

Angel McCoy, Author
Updated 30th April, 2020

Writing a novel is the most amazing adventure you may ever undertake. It's a baring of the soul, no matter how fictional. It requires dedication, attention to detail, imagination, and a burning desire to tell a story. When you sit down to begin your story outline, you're taking the first step on a journey into the unknown. Fortunately, many novelists have already travelled the path before you, so you don't have to go into that wilderness without a map.


How to start your novel

This guide gives you tips, tricks, and tools to lay the foundation for writing your novel. We all have to start somewhere, and a solid foundation puts you on the right foot to make strong progress forward. You will learn five critical questions to ask yourself about your novel so that you can begin formulating a vision for it. These questions are practical and inspirational. This is the first step toward writing your novel, so let's settle in and get started!


What is this novel about?

The first question is "What is this novel about?" At this stage, you don't want to dive too deep. State your answer as a "What if…" question, and limit yourself to twenty words or less. These limitations help to refine your concept. See example below for The Wizard of Oz.


What are the stakes?

The next question is "What are the stakes?" If your heroes fail, what will happen? What do the world and your characters have to lose if this story ends in tragedy?


What is the core conflict?

After the stakes, you want to define the core conflict. A great way to express this is with an "X versus Y" statement, where X is your protagonist and Y is the force working against your protagonist, who or what wants to keep the protagonist from achieving success? Is it an individual, a group, a situation, an internal struggle, or something else? Again, see our example below from The Wizard of Oz.


How is the conflict resolved?

Eventually, the Core Conflict must be resolved, but how? When answering this next question, consider whether the protagonist fails or the story ends in success. Describe, in one sentence, how the Core Conflict is resolved.


What is 'the lesson'?

Conflict creates change, whether in the protagonist or the world itself. A novel is the story of change through conflict. In your novel, what needs to change? We call this The Lesson to represent that someone or something is facing a trial that will end in transformation. What is the transformation that occurs through the course of your novel and comes to fruition through the application of the Core Conflict?


Bonus questions

At this point, you are almost done laying the foundation for your novel. The final set of questions help you to define your novel on a more practical level. Documenting your word-count goal, your novel's location and time period, and the various elements that feed into your genre will further solidify your vision for the novel and put finishing touches to the foundation upon which you build the grand and elaborate structure that will be your novel.

If you answered all these questions, then you're well on your way to a novel. Remember that you can do this process again with other ideas, especially if you're unsure whether you really love that first one. I work through ideas until I feel that spark that happens when I've hit on the right one.

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